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What Is Hyperglycemia?

abnormal blood sugar levels in pregnancy 🔥how to abnormal blood sugar levels in pregnancy for Hyperglycemia may be described as an excess of sugar (glucose) in the blood. Your endocrine system regulates the amount of sugar that is stored and used for energy. It is important in brain cell function, and energy levels.

Since the sugar that you consume in your diet is either used or stored, certain conditions and disorders may cause you to have difficulty processing and storing blood glucose, resulting in hyperglycemia or hypoglycemia.

One hormone that is important to the normal storing and processing of sugar is insulin. Insulin is a hormone that is made in the pancreas that is responsible for maintaining "" blood sugar levels. If you have a problem with your pancreas, then you may have increased blood sugar levels.

Normal blood Glucose (sugar) levels are 60-110 mg/dL.  Normal values may vary from laboratory to laboratory. Levels higher than for 1 last update 2020/06/05 these might indicate hyperglycemia. Normal blood Glucose (sugar) levels are 60-110 mg/dL.  Normal values may vary from laboratory to laboratory. Levels higher than these might indicate hyperglycemia.

Causes of Hyperglycemia:

  • Diabetes. About 90% of people with diabetes, have diabetes of adult onset (Diabetes type 2). You are more at risk for developing diabetes if you are older, extremely overweight (obese), if you have a family history of diabetes (parents, siblings), and if you are of African-American, Hispanic American, or Native-American heritage. People who have diabetes have an underproduction of the hormone, insulin, which lowers your blood sugar levels. If you have diabetes, you will have problems with elevated blood sugar levels.
  • If you develop diabetes type 2, and you are an adult, your healthcare provider may prescribe medications in a pill form, which allow your body to process insulin that is needed for maintaining "" blood glucose levels. It is likely that your pancreas is producing enough insulin, but your body is resistant to the insulin, and is unable to process this hormone effectivelyabnormal blood sugar levels in pregnancy ☑how to abnormal blood sugar levels in pregnancy for , thus the 1 last update 2020/06/05 resulting in hyperglycemia., thus resulting in hyperglycemia.
  • If you have diabetes and are the 1 last update 2020/06/05 hypoglycemichypoglycemic, your healthcare provider will also discuss with you a diet that may increase your blood sugar levels. You will need to follow a special diet, to maintain good blood sugar control.
  • Exercise is highly recommended, as it will help to lower blood sugar levels, and promote circulation of the blood throughout your body.
  • If you are not able to control your blood sugar levels with diet, exercise, and medications (in the pill form), your healthcare provider may prescribe insulin injections. You will be required to take your blood sugar levels at home, while your insulin requirements are being determined. Your healthcare provider will discuss this with you, and teach you how to best take care of yourself during this time.
  • Insulin cannot be taken by mouth because your stomach acid makes the insulin inactive (it will not work).
  • You may be taking corticosteroids, such as dexamethasone (Decadron®), or prednisone. These drugs will promote gluconeogenesis, or increased blood sugar levels in your blood. Many people who are on steroids for their disease, and develop high blood sugar levels (hyperglycemia), will return to normal after the medication has been finished.
  • You may be receiving Total Parenteral Nutrition (TPN), through your vein (IV). The TPN solution contains a very high concentration of glucose. Your body will often times be able to regulate your blood glucose levels, but in some cases, while you are on TPN, your blood sugar levels may be elevated.
  • You may have increased blood sugar levels if you have kidney or liver disease. You may also have an infection in your pancreas that controls blood insulin levels, thus resulting in hyperglycemia.
  • If you have an infection, your blood sugar may be briefly high, during the time that you are ill, resulting in a temporary for 1 last update 2020/06/05 hyperglycemia.resulting in a temporary hyperglycemia.
  • If you are pregnant, you may develop gestational diabetes. This means that you have diabetes while you are pregnant. This usually goes away after you deliver your baby.
  • Kidney failure, kidney disorders, and damage to your eyes, cardiovascular system, and other internal organs may result from long-term hyperglycemia. In addition, there are many other long-term complications of long-standing hyperglycemia, such as heart and blood circulation problems. This is why it is important to maintain good control over your disease.

How will I know if my hyperglycemia is related to diabetes?

  • Your doctor or healthcare provider may order certain blood tests to determine if you are diabetic. As discussed, certain conditions may cause temporary increases in blood sugar levels, resulting in hyperglycemia. You may not be a "" diabetic, and the blood sugars may return to normal after your illness, or treatment of your condition, is resolved. However, you may be treated as if you had diabetes, with frequent blood sugar monitoring, diet and exercise modifications, until your laboratory values return to normal. Normal blood sugar levels are between 60-110 mg/dL (normal values may vary from laboratory to laboratory).
  • If you have a fasting blood sugar level of between 110 and 125 mg/dl, you are diagnosed as having impaired glucose tolerance. This is a strong risk factor for developing diabetes. With good diet and exercise, you may slow the progression to diabetes type 2.
  • If you have a blood sugar of greater than 126 mg/dl, while fasting, you may be diagnosed with diabetes.
  • If you have any two blood sugar readings over 200mg/dl, you also may be diagnosed with diabetes.
  • You may have an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) to diagnose your condition. You will be required to drink a solution with a high concentration of glucose, and have your blood sugar checked 2 hours after it was ingested. This was the traditional method for diagnosing diabetes, but is done less often today.
  • A blood test, called Hemoglobin A1C (also called glycosolated hemoglobin), will measure your average blood sugar levels for 90 days. Your healthcare provider may order this on diagnosis, and every 3 months thereafter, if you have diabetes.

Signs and Symptoms of Hyperglycemia:

  • Symptoms of hyperglycemia are the same as symptoms of diabetes type 2.
  • Symptoms include being overly or excessively thirsty. You may be urinating more often than usual.
  • You may be tired, and losing weight without trying.
  • You may develop yeast or fungal infections.
  • Late symptoms of prolonged, elevated blood sugar levels are blurred vision and possibly numbness in your fingers and toes.
  • Severely high levels of blood sugar may cause confusion or a coma.

Things You Can Do About Hyperglycemia:

  • If you are experiencing high blood sugars from diabetes, an infection, or a pregnancy, your healthcare provider may instruct you on the use of pills, insulin, diet, exercise and blood sugar monitoring during this time. Follow all of your healthcare provider''s recommendations for taking these pills.

When to Contact Your Doctor or Health Care Provider:

Call your doctor if you have the following symptoms:

  • Increased urinary frequency, painful urination, weight loss.
  • If you notice symptoms of low blood sugar, including shakiness, sweating, and tiredness.
  • If you develop signs of confusion.
  • abnormal blood sugar levels in pregnancy 👍how to abnormal blood sugar levels in pregnancy for Shortness of breath, chest pain or discomfort; swelling of your lips or throat should be evaluated immediately -especially if you have started a new medication.
  • Feeling your heart beat rapidly, or experience palpitations.
  • Nausea that interferes with your ability to eat, and is unrelieved by prescribed medication.
  • Diarrhea (4-6 episodes in a 24-hour period), unrelieved with taking anti-diarrhea medication and diet modification.

Note: We strongly encourage you to talk with your health care professional about your specific medical condition and treatments. The information contained in this website is meant to be helpful and educational, but is not a substitute for medical advice.

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